LAC Or The Line Of Actual Control

LAC or Line of Actual Control is a demarcation border line that separates Indian controlled territory from Chinese controlled territory. In addition the line was formed after the 1962 Sino-India War. Sino-India War is popularly known as Indo-China War. The war stopped after about 2 months. In addition the area where the military forces were at that time was considered to be the territory of respective Nations.

India claims LAC to be about 3,588 Km long. Whereas Chinese consider it to be about 2,000 Km long

It Is Divided Into 3 Sectors

  • The Eastern sector which spans Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim  
  • The Middle sector – Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
  • The Western Sector – Ladakh

The Disagreement

LAC or The Line Of Actual Control have many disputes. In addition the there were disputes regarding the area which each Country has in the Eastern and Western Sector. Whereas the line of Middle sector is least controversial.

In 1959 and 1962 letters were received to India from China about the concept LAC. The letters were rejected both the times. Adding to this, the rejection took place because China just passed the connection dots and not the actual line.

Chinese Premier Li Peng visited India and met then Indian PM P V Narasimha Rao in 1991. In conclusion both the parties agreed to maintain Peace and Tranquillity at the LAC. Indian PM formally accepted the concept of LAC on a visit to Beijing in 1993 and both parties signed an Agreement to Maintain Peace and Tranquillity at the LAC. It was formally named the Line of Control after the Simla Agreement, which was signed on 3 July 1972.

Maps were shared only for Western Sector but never formally exchanged. The process of clarifying the actual LAC line was stalled since 2002. In addition there is no publicly available map depicting India’s version of LAC.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited China in May 2015. Furthermore Narendra Modi proposed clarifications on LAC which was rejected by China.

India And China Claims On LAC

India did not have any claims on the actual position of LAC. Furthermore, it is believed that India include both Aksai Chin in the Indian territories.

Whereas China has some claims on the LAC. However, China claims Arunachal Pradesh as South Tibet in the Eastern sector of LAC.

Claim Lines Controversy On Ladakh

Aksai Chin in Ladakh province of the Jammu and Kashmir was a part of British Empire but not a part of British India. As a result Eastern boundary was well defined in 1914. But the case was very different in the West of Ladakh. Furthermore Indian maps were passed in 1948 and 1950 where the boundaries were undefined.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

All our old maps dealing with this frontier should be carefully examined and, where necessary, withdrawn. New maps should be printed showing our Northern and North Eastern frontier without any reference to any ‘line’. The new maps should also be sent to our embassies abroad and should be introduced to the public generally and be used in our schools, colleges, etc.


The declared map is officially used till date. Furthermore this map formed basis of 1962 War.



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